Military Strategy Gurus and Masters

"The Complete A to Z Guide"

Military strategy gurus and masters

Just a point of clarification before we start - a Guru is a person who is very knowledgeable and teaches a particular strategy, and a master is a practitioner of distinction in the art of military strategy.

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Business Strategy Gurus and Masters A to Z Guide

What is Military Strategy?

Military strategy is a collective name for planning the conduct of warfare.

Derived from the Greek strategos, strategy was seen as the "art of the general".

Military strategy deals with the planning and conduct of campaigns, the movement and disposition of forces, and the deception of the enemy.

The father of modern strategic study, Carl von Clausewitz, defined military strategy as "the employment of battles to gain the end of war."

Liddell Hart's definition put less emphasis on battles, defining strategy as "the art of distributing and applying military means to fulfill the ends of policy" Hence, both gave the preeminence to political aims over military goals, ensuring civilian control of the military.

Military strategy was one of a triumvirate of "arts" or "sciences" that govern the conduct of warfare; the others being tactics, the execution of plans and manœuvering of forces in battle, and logistics, the maintenance of an army.

The border line between strategy and tactics is blurred and sometimes categorisation of a decision is a matter of almost personal opinion.

Military Strategy Gurus and Masters

Sun Tzu

Who is Sun Tzu & What is the Art of War?
Sun Tzu (Chinese: 孫子; pinyin: Sūn Zǐ) ("Master Sun") is an honorific title bestowed upon Sūn Wǔ (孫武; c. 544 BC – 496 BC), the author of The Art of War, an immensely influential ancient Chinese book on military strategy. He is also one of the earliest realists in international relations theory.

Great Sun Tzu Quotes
All men can see these tactics whereby I conquer, but what none can see is the strategy out of which victory is evolved.

Sun Tzu's Wisdom on Disruptive Innovation
What is Sun Tzu to do with a modern competitive theory such as the theory of Disruptive Innovation?

Interpretation of Sun Tzu's First Chapter - Analysing the SituationIn Sun Tzu the Art of War Chapter one, Master Sun believed that even before considering a confrontation; for whatever purpose, it is essential to calculate a complete analysis of the situation.

The Art of Strategy - Perspective on the writing of Sun Tzu's Treaty
To give you some perspective on the context in which Sun Tzu's the Art of Strategy was written, we are starting 2,500 years.

Art of Strategy begins Here
Three words in the opening of the Art of Strategy are very important. First Strategy (Strategy, Tactics, Martial Art etc), second Skill and third Study; Signify that it is not an inborn quality or skill to have but a learned skill that must be studied in order to win over life’s conflicts, in fact, in order to survive.

The Art of Strategy deals with two main issues
Strategy is based on the idea that you, your undertaking, your issues have a unique place in the world. All your opportunities flow from that strategic position. That position could be personal, or a major undertaking such as a negotiation or a conflict with other organization.

The Art of Strategy Positioning and Advance
What is the first thing that comes to mind in your organisation when faced by such a situation? I would suggest a Fight, flight or submit and pay the supplier to continue the work. Fight is to go to Court because you believe that the contract is very sound and you should sue them.

Khalid Ibn al-Walid (Master)

Khalid Ibn al-Walid The Greatest Arab General
Is noted for his military prowess, commanding the forces of Muhammad and those of his immediate successors of the Rashidun Caliphate; Abu Bakr and Umar ibn al-Khattab. In having the distinction of being undefeated in over a hundred battles against the numerically superior forces of the Byzantine Roman Empire, Sassanid Persian Empire, and their allies, he is regarded as one of the finest military commanders in history.

Pincer movement or double envelopment
A pincer movement whereby the red force envelops the advancing blue force.The pincer movement or double envelopment is a basic element of military strategy which has been used, to some extent, in nearly every war.

Khalid Ibn al-Walid Quotes
The earth destroys its fools, but the intelligent destroy the earth.

Maurice (emperor)

Maurice, Prince Of Orange, (1585¨C1625) of the United Provinces of the Netherlands, or Dutch Republic, successor to his father, William I the Silent.

His development of military strategy, tactics, and engineering made the Dutch army the most modern in the Europe of his time.

Leo VI the Wise

Leo The Wise, or The Philosopher Byzantine co emperor from 870 and emperor from 886 to 912, whose imperial laws, written in Greek, became the legal code of the Byzantine Empire.

Educated by the patriarch Photius, Leo was more scholar than soldier.

In addition to completing the canon of laws, he wrote several decrees (novels) on a wide range of ecclesiastical and secular problems. He also wrote a funeral panegyric on his father, liturgical poems, sermons and orations, secular poetry, and military treatises. Leo's image is in a mosaic over the central door of Hagia Sophia.


Carl von Clausewitz - On War
Carl Philipp Gottlieb von Clausewitz born June 1, 1780, Burg, near Magdeburg, Prussia [Germany] died Nov. 16, 1831, Breslau, Silesia. Prussian general and military thinker, whose work Vom Kriege (1832; On War) has become one of the most respected classics on military strategy.


Napoleon Bonaparte, French general, first consul (1799¨C1804), and emperor of the French (1804¨C1814/15), one of the most celebrated personages in the history of the West.

He revolutionized military organization and training; sponsored the Napoleonic Code, the prototype of later civil-law codes; reorganized education; and established the long-lived Concordat with the papacy.


Sir Julian Stafford Corbett (born 12 November 1854 in Thames Ditton, Surrey; died 21 September 1922 in Thames Ditton) was a prominent British naval historian and geostrategist of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, whose works helped shape the Royal Navy's reforms of that era.

One of his most famous works is Some Principles of Maritime Strategy, which remains a classic among students of naval warfare. Corbett was a good friend and ally of naval reformer Admiral John "Jackie" Fisher, the First Sea Lord.


Basil Liddell Hart

Sir Basil Henry Liddell Hart (31 October 1895 - 29 January 1970), usually known before his knighthood as Captain B. H. Liddell Hart, was an English military historian who greatly influenced the 20th-century development of armoured warfare and strategic theory. He used "Liddell" (his mother's maiden name) as part of his surname from 1921.


Antoine-Henri, baron de Jomini(March 6, 1779 - March 24, 1869) French general, military critic, and historian whose systematic attempt to define the principles of warfare made him one of the founders of modern military thought.

Baldassare Castiglione

Baldassare Castiglione, (Dec. 6, 1478 - Feb. 2, 1529) Italian courtier, diplomat, and writer, best known for his dialogue Il cortegiano (The Courtier).

In 1528, the year before his death, the book by which he is most famous, The Book of the Courtier (Il Cortegiano), was published in Venice by Andrea d'Asolo.

The book is based upon Castiglione's times at the court of Duke Guidobaldo Montefeltro of Urbino.

It describes the ideal court and courtier, going into great detail about the philosophical and cultured discussions that occurred at Urbino.

The book defined the ideal Renaissance gentleman. In the Middle Ages, the perfect gentleman was a chivalrous knight who distinguished himself by his prowess on the battlefield.

Castiglione's book changed that; now the perfect gentleman had to be educated in the classics as well.

The book was soon translated into Spanish, German, French, and English, and 108 editions were published between 1528 and 1616. Pietro Aretino's La cortigiana is a parody of this famous work.

General Giulio Douhet

General Giulio Douhet (May 30, 1869 - Feb. 15, 1930) Italian army general and the father of strategic air power.


Colonel John (Richard) Boyd January 23, 1927¨CMarch 9, 1997) was a United States Air Force fighter pilot and military strategist of the late 20th century whose theories have been highly influential in the military and in business.

Edward Luttwak


Niccol¨° di Bernardo dei Machiavelli (May 3, 1469 ¨C June 21, 1527) was an Italian diplomat, political philosopher, musician, poet, and playwright. He is a figure of the Italian Renaissance and a central figure of its political component, most widely known for his treatises on realist political theory (The Prince.

Miyamoto Musashi

Miyamoto Musashi (c.1584¨C1645), was a famous Japanese samurai, and is considered by many to have been one of the most skilled swordsmen in history.

Musashi, as he is often simply known, became legendary through his outstanding swordsmanship in numerous duels, even from a very young age.

He is the founder of the Hy¨­h¨­ Niten Ichi-ry¨± or Niten-ry¨± style of swordsmanship and the author of The Book of Five Rings. a book on strategy, tactics, and philosophy that is still studied today.


Thucydides (c. 460 BC ¨C c. 395 BC), was an ancient Greek historian, and the author of the History of the Peloponnesian War, which recounts the 5th century BC war between Sparta and Athens to the year 411 BC. Thucydides is considered by many to be a scientific historian because of his efforts in his History to describe the human world in terms of cause and effect, his strict standards of gathering evidence, and his neglect of the gods in explaining the events of the past.

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